The dominant idea that clothing is necessary for reasons of modesty is a cultural assumption. It is an

18. There is evidence that modesty is just not related to nakedness whatsoever, but is rather a response to seeming
different in the remaining social group–for instance, outside the approved customs of garments or adornment.21
removed, not when their bodies are exposed.22 Furthermore, a woman feels immodest if seen in her chemise, even though
It is much less revealing than her bikini.23 This also explains why clothed visitors to nudist parks feel uncomfortable in
their state of dress. Psychologist Emery S. Bogardus writes: “Nakedness is never black when it is unconscious,
that is, when there isn’t any awareness of a difference between fact as well as the rule determined from the mores.” Put simply,
for first-time visitors to a nudist park, there is absolutely no hint of embarrassment after an initial reticence, since it is not
contrary to the moral norms.
19. Shame comes from being outside mores, not from particular activities or states. Because nudity is
unremarkable in a nudist setting, nudists may even forget that they’re bare–and commonly do.
20. Psychological research have proven that modesty need not be related to one’s state of attire whatsoever. For , modesty is just not shed with one’s garments; it just takes an alternate kind.24
Psychological studies by Martin Weinberg reasoned that the basic difference between nudists and nonnudists
lies in their differently-assembled definitions of the situation.
non-nudists, they have norms to regulate and restrain immorality, sexuality, and humiliation. Nudists simply
accept the human body as natural, rather than as a source of humiliation.25
21. Many indigenous tribes go entirely naked without shame, even now. It’s just through expanded
contact with the “modern” world that they learn to be “small.” 26
“The missionaries were usually disconcerted to find that the biblically urged
act of ‘clothing the naked’, far from generating an advancement in native morals, almost always resulted in a
deterioration. What url were unintentionally doing was recreating the Garden of Eden situation. Nude,
the primitive cultures had revealed no prurient matter with the body. . . . the morality was generally geared to the
Nude state of the culture. The missionaries, using their cotton short pants and dresses, disrupted this. Nude individuals
actually feel shame when they are first dressed. They develop an exaggerated awareness of the body. It’s as if Adam
and Eve’s ‘aprons’ created the ‘knowledge of good and bad’ rather than being its outcome.” 27
Many Amazon rainforest folks still live clothes-optional by choice, even given an option.28 The
same is true of the aborigines of central Australia.29
22. Even in North America, nudity was commonplace among many native tribes before the arrival of
Lewis and Clark reported nearly-naked natives over the northern Pacific coast, as an example,30 as did
naked in Summer-time, wearing only a sort of Shoes made of the Skins of [buffalo] Bulls.”
other North American tribes as additionally typically dwelling without clothing.32 The natives of Florida wore only
also the women.”
23. For some indigenous tribes, nudity or near-nudity is a vital portion of the culture.
Paul Ableman clarifies, “very few primitives are absolutely nude. They almost always have ornamentation or
body-modification of some kind, which plays a essential part in their own culture. . . . Into this simple but successful
culture comes the missionary, and obliterates the vital signals beneath his low-cost Western clothes. Among many
primitives, tattooing, scarification and ornamentation conduct highly elaborate information which may, actually, be the
Fundamental regulatory power in the society. The missionary consequently, at one strike, annihilates a culture. It was probably no
less traumatic to get a primitive society to be abruptly clothed than it’d be for ours to be suddenly stripped
naked.” 36
24. Yet missionaries have consistently sought to impose their particular concepts of “decency” on other cultures,
Discounting the complex ethnic conventions seeing dress already in place.
“People [in other cultures] who traditionally don’t have much use for clothes are